Travis Horn
Travis Horn

Travis Horn

Responsive Buttons with Bootstrap

Responsive Buttons with Bootstrap

Travis Horn's photo
Travis Horn

Published on Oct 12, 2017

2 min read

Using Bootstrap, I found myself wanting to have a button that will change widths depending on the screen size. Here is what I believe to be the best solution. It works with Bootstrap 4 right out of the box.

The goal is to get a button to have a limited width unless the screen is small, in which case the button should expand to fit the entire width of the container.

I discovered this can be accomplished by adding the [btn-block class](getbootstrap.com/docs/4.0/components/button..) to the button and placing it inside of a <div> with the appropriate col classes to size it at different breakpoints.

btn-block creates block level buttons — those that span the full width of a parent.

Here’s a simple example:

<div class="container my-5">

  <h1>Mailing List</h1>

  <div class="form-group">
    <input class="form-control" placeholder="Your email address">
  </div>

  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-md-4 col-lg-2">
      <button class="btn btn-primary btn-block">Sign up</button>
    </div>
  </div>

</div>

Notice…

  1. The button is inside a <div> with col-md-4 and col-lg-2 classes. This means the <div> will span 12/12 (100%) of its container by default, 4/12 (1/3) of its container on medium screens, and 2/12 (1/6) of its container on large screens.

  2. The <button> has the btn-block class, which spans the full width of its container (which is the previously mentioned <div>).

The end result can be seen in this pen:

 
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